Common Dental Problems

Common Dental Problems

Dental problems are very common. In fact, most people will experience a dental problem at some point in their lives. Tooth decay, gum disease, and cavities are among the most common problems that people face. In this blog post, we will discuss the most common dental problems.

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Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is one of the most common dental problems, and it can occur at any age. The main cause of tooth decay is plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. When plaque comes into contact with sugary or starchy foods, it produces acids that eat away at tooth enamel. Over time, this can lead to cavities.

To prevent tooth decay, it is important to brush and floss regularly, and to visit the dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. If tooth decay is caught early, it can be treated with a simple filling. However, if it is allowed to progress, it can lead to more serious problems such as tooth loss or infection. Fortunately, with proper care and treatment, tooth decay is preventable. To treat tooth decay, your dentist may recommend a filling, crown, or root canal. However, if the decay is severe, you may need to have the tooth extracted.

Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a condition in which the gums become inflamed and irritated. If left untreated, it can eventually lead to tooth loss. Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. Plaque can harden into tartar, which is even more difficult to remove.

Brushing and flossing regularly can help to control plaque build-up, but it is often necessary to see a dentist for professional cleaning. Treatment for gum disease may involve deep cleaning, medication, or surgery. In extreme cases, a full denture may be required.

Bad Breath

One of the most common dental problems is bad breath, which is also known as halitosis. The main cause of bad breath is the build-up of bacteria in the mouth, which can occur when food particles are not removed properly. Other causes include tobacco use, dry mouth, gum disease, and certain medical conditions. Treatment for bad breath depends on the underlying cause. For instance, if the cause is dry mouth, artificial saliva may be recommended.

Good oral hygiene is also essential for preventing and treating bad breath. This includes brushing and flossing regularly, as well as using a tongue scraper to remove bacteria from the tongue. In some cases, a mouthwash or toothpaste containing antibacterial ingredients may also be recommended.

Sensitive Teeth

Sensitive teeth are another common dental problem. There are many things that can cause sensitive teeth, including gum disease, tooth decay, wear and tear, and acidic foods and drinks. While sensitive teeth can be a nuisance, there are several things that you can do to help relieve the discomfort. For example, using a toothpaste for sensitive teeth can help to block out the pain. You can also try using a soft-bristled toothbrush and avoiding aggressive brushing. If you are still experiencing pain, you may need to see your dentist for further treatment. In some cases, a dental sealant or fluoride treatment may be recommended.

Cracked or Broken Teeth

One of the most common dental problems is cracked or broken teeth. This can happen as a result of trauma to the mouth, eating hard foods, or grinding your teeth. If you have a cracked tooth, you may experience pain when you bite down or chew, and the tooth may be sensitive to hot and cold temperatures. In some cases, the crack may be visible on the tooth surface.

Treatment for a cracked tooth depends on the depth and severity of the crack. In some cases, a simple filling may be all that is needed. However, if the crack is more severe, you may need a root canal or crown. If you think you have a cracked tooth, it’s important to see your dentist right away so that they can determine the best course of treatment.

Root Infection

Root infection is one of the most common dental problems. It occurs when the root of a tooth is damaged or diseased. The root is the part of the tooth that extends below the gum line. Root infections can be caused by a number of factors, including cavities, gum disease, and trauma. Root infections are often very painful and can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. Treatment for root infection typically involves antibiotics and, in some cases, surgery. This is why it’s important to see your dentist right away if you think you may have a root infection.

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is a common dental problem that can lead to a number of serious issues if left untreated. Also known as xerostomia, dry mouth occurs when the salivary glands don’t produce enough saliva to keep the mouth moist. This can lead to an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease, as well as bad breath and difficulty speaking or eating.

There are a number of possible causes of dry mouth, including certain medications, medical conditions and pregnancy. Treatment for dry mouth typically involves increasing saliva production through the use of artificial saliva products or stimulating the salivary glands with oral rinses or lozenges. In severe cases, surgery may be required to correct the underlying cause of the condition.


There are many common dental problems that can cause pain and discomfort. However, there are also many treatments available that can help to relieve the symptoms. If you think you may have a dental problem, it’s important to see your dentist right away so that they can determine the best course of treatment. Now that you know more about some of the most common dental problems, you can be sure to take steps to avoid them.

Dr Tan
Dr Tan
Dr Tan is a highly experienced dental specialist who has worked in several clinics throughout Malaysia. He is passionate about providing quality dental care to the public, and firmly believes that everyone deserves access to excellent treatment. Dr Tan is committed to continuing his professional development, and always puts the needs of his patients first. During his free time, he enjoys spending time with his family and friends, and exploring the outdoors.